Relationship Between Knowledge, Attitudes, and Self-Efficacy of Nurses in the Management of Pediatric Pain: The Article Review

The article “Relationship between Knowledge, Attitudes, and Self-Efficacy of Nurses in the Management of Pediatric Pain” by Mercedes Stanley and Deborah Pollard offers spectacular evidence regarding the nature of pain among small children in clinical facilities. The article treats “pain management” as an essential aspect of nursing practice. The article also indicates that pain relief is an essential human right. According to Stanley and Pollard (2013), pain assessment and management in children was inadequate due certain factors. Some of these factors include lack of appropriate knowledge, myths pertaining pain in children, and lack of proper assessment. In order to present such evidence, the authors present their article in a logical format. The format includes an introductory note, background information, and theoretical framework (Stanley & Pollard, 2013). The article offers adequate research methods and data analysis techniques. The authors have offered the best results and discussions from the study. The approach makes the article readable and meaningful. The reader also observes that the article does not have any grammatical errors. This makes the study reputable.

In the article, the authors offer a detailed discussion on the evidence of human subjects. For instance, the researchers obtained an approval from the Institutional Review Board (IRB) after which the nurses volunteered to participate in the study. The researchers requested the nurses to complete the provided research instruments. The other observation from the article is that the authors provided a Research Base in the literature review (Stanley & Pollard, 2013). The article outlines the current literature on pain management in pediatric clinics. There is a proper analysis of the major ideas and gaps that needs to be addressed towards better practice.

Whenever conducting any kind of study, it is necessary to conduct a timely research (Fain, 2013). This is necessary because it ensures the study is timely and meaningful towards better nursing practice. In this study, the authors provide adequate information from different works and publications. Although not all resources are 5 years or less, the outstanding fact is that the literature review is meaningful because it establishes the research base for the study. In the review, the authors have included a problem statement to guide the study. They have indicated that pain in children is undertreated due to lack of adequate assessment measures.

It is also notable that the researchers presented clear research questions. The specific questions sought to establish the level of knowledge, self-efficacy, and the correlations between knowledge, years of nurse experience, and self-efficacy. The questions made it possible to come up with the targeted results from the research (Stanley & Pollard, 2013). The authors also used an effective sample size and setting. The targeted sample included 60 nurses. From the sample, only 26 participants returned their instrument packets. The population sample and setting made it easier to get the best findings from the study.

According to Fain (2013), the issue of health practice calls for timely ideas and knowledge. The best way to get such ideas is by using timely publications. This article is recent thereby presenting new insights for pain management in children. This becomes necessary especially at the time when more children continue to suffer in different pediatric care facilities. The article is thus timely for the standard of health care practice. As well, it is clearly notable that the article is practical and reasonable. From the very beginning, the authors examined pain in children as a major issue today. The research described the relationship between knowledge, self-efficacy, and attitude of caregivers in the management and assessment of pain in young children. The findings and discussions offered new insights for better practice and healthcare for children.

After conducting a specific study, it is necessary to establish the strengths in order to understand how caregivers and nurses can employ the ideas for better practice. The outstanding strengths of this article include the quality of the literature review. The reader learns many things about the current practice and gaps in pediatric pain assessment and management. The researchers designed a proper research methodology by using proper research questions, procedures, and analyses thus making the findings and discussions meaningful and applicable (Stanley & Pollard, 2013). The authors used the best statistical software to analyze their findings. It is therefore notable that the article presents new insights and ideas for better practice. The researchers also presented new ideas for further research and practice.

Despite the above strengths, it is notable that the authors failed to link different theories to practice. The other weakness arises from the use of outdated references and materials. However, such weaknesses did not make the article unworthy for publication or un-useful for healthcare practice. Pediatric nurses can learn many ideas from the study for better pain management in pediatric care (Stanley & Pollard, 2013).

It is necessary to observe that there are no threats from the information. The ideas in the article offer new skills for informed practice and management of pain. There is need for researchers to examine the current situation and offer new findings for better healthcare. The conclusion of this empirical article is that many years of nursing experience in pediatric care has not resulted in better pain management. That being the case, experts should offer education to pediatric nurses to offer better management regimes for children. As well, the authors explained the need for more research to examine the relationship between pediatric care and nursing knowledge (Stanley & Pollard, 2013).

The findings from this empirical article offer significant impacts for regulatory concerns. For instance, healthcare managers are encouraged to implement new policies for training and education provision to improve pain management in pediatric clinics and facilities. It is also notable that the article presents new opportunities for a reader in an organization of healthcare delivery. There are numerous ideas such as attitude improvement, knowledge acquisition, and education that can help improve the quality of care provided to different patients (Stanley & Pollard, 2013). The article presents new ideas for further research thus promoting the policies and theories applied in pediatric care. Different individuals in organizations of healthcare delivery can benefit from the information and ideas in the article thus providing evidence-based care to different patients.

The study also presents numerous implications for the future in practice. The article considers pain relief as an important human right. That being the case, nurses and practitioners should borrow much from the article in order to deliver the best pain management regimes for different patients. As well, the study findings can be applied in the management of pain in other facilities. This is what will make healthcare practice meaningful. This article can therefore be useful for translating evidence to practice. The authors believe that nurses providing pediatric care can acquire new skills and knowledge to offer better care to children (Stanley & Pollard, 2013). The article explains the need for research to examine the importance of knowledge and self-efficacy on management of pain in pediatric care. In conclusion, I would recommend the article to different readers and healthcare givers because it presents the best ideas for evidence-based care and pain management in pediatric care.

Reference List

Fain, A. J. (2013). Reading, Understanding, and Applying Nursing Research. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company.

Stanley, M. & Pollard, D. (2013). Relationship between Knowledge, Attitudes, and Self-Efficacy of Nurses in the Management of Pediatric Pain. Pediatric Nursing, 39(4), 165-171.

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