Fixers are found everywhere wherever rules and regulations governing business or public sector appear overly bureaucratic and complex while proper oversight and control is poor. And wherever Fixers are found, corruption is seldom very far behind. A report from news interviewing a man from Cavity saying that: “Mamba young pill. Saying Lang young roars OK kayak nag algal an Lang oak” ( it will be a waste of time that’s why I was compelled to just give money) Our Government make a law entitled “the anti Red tape Act of 2007” R.
A 9485 to prevent Fixers system but even though we eave a law against in the system of fixers, there are so many people who used fixers for their transaction. Furthermore, maybe it’s a Job considered for a person having a financial needs but did they ever think the consequences of being a fixers. Being fixers is a violation against the law. Besides we cannot criticize those fixers because that is their means of living. So here we can deduce that Filipinos really have a shortfall in terms meeting the desired income in order to live in a descent life. That’s why some Filipinos engaged on that kind of Job.
The question is how we prevent that mind of job, how we can restrain those people who depend on the fixer scheme. Because I believe that if there is no people who depend on the fixers system, there is no fixers. This study Conducted to investigate the causes, effects and solution of the fixers system In the Philippines. Specifically the study attempted to answer the following questions:
1. How do respondents profile be describe In terms of :
1. 1 statement of the problem
1. 2 Education and position In the office
1. 3 Nature of occupation
1. 4 Family economic status
2. Security of family
3. How effective is the law that create to prevent the fixers system
4. What are the reasons why those people used fixers
5. What are the solutions to prevent fixers
6. What are the ways to prevent those people who used fixers scheme Chapter
Review and Related Literature The review of the literature for this study focuses on what are the fixers’ scheme, and other consequences of being fixers. The research is all about of the causes and effects as well as the solution to prevent fixers’ scheme and also the relation between the fixers and the bureaucratic system.
The underground occupation of corruption is through “fixing” and discover The motivations, attitudes, worldview, techniques and even Jargon of “fixers. ” The deeper we penetrate through the topsoil of corruption, the better we can arrive at remedies that not only suit our formal and legal structures but also take Into account our culture and social condition, remedies that not only to palliate The symptoms but uproot the malady of corruption. It is a problem from top to bottom of the society is it in the private sector but is most noticeable in the government being the regulatory body of all transactions.
Manila ululate post about The Ombudsman (Toadying) of the Philippines, which independently monitors the bureaucracy and three branches of government – Executive, Legislative, and Judiciary – marks its 26th Anniversary on May 12, 2014, with renewed “passion” in enforcing accountability in public sector; “inspiration” in instilling integrity in public service; and “commitment” in promoting transparency in officials and employees accused of crimes, especially graft and corruption.
In discharging its functions, the Ombudsman has a three-pronged approach. Its punitive approach covers its investigative and prosecutorial powers. Its promotional initiatives bring the message of good governance to the public. And its preventive measures engage multicultural coordination in efforts to prevent corruption. The Philippine Constitution provides for the Ombudsman. Presidential Decree 1487 on June 1 1, 1978, created the Toadying and vested it with power to investigate complaints relative to public office and file cases before the courts.
The Philippine Constitution ratified in 1987 created a new Ombudsman, whose composition, powers, and functions were defined in Executive Order 243 on July 24, 1987. The Ombudsman became operational on May 12, 1988, the date for its anniversary celebration. The Ombudsman’s five major functions under Republic Act 6770, the Ombudsman Act of 1989, are public assistance, graft prevention, investigation, prosecution and administrative adjudication.
Ombudsman Contain Carpi Morale has adopted eight priorities for her term (2011-2018) – dispose of high-profile cases, attain zero backlog, improve fact-finding “survival” rate, enforce monitoring of referred cases, improve responsiveness of public assistance, improve anti-corruption policy and program ordination among sectors, rationalize the functional structure of the office, and enhance transparency and credibility. There was an Ombudsman under the Permanent Commission during the Philippine Revolutionary Government in 1898.
Ombudsman-like agencies were set up by past Philippine Presidents to serve as venue for people to air grievances and seek redress against abuses in government: Integrity Board under President Ellipsoid R. Squiring in 1950, Presidential Complaints and Action Commission under President Ramona R. Massage’s in 1957, Presidential Committee on Administration Performance Efficiency under President Carols P. Garcia in 1958, Presidential Anti-Graft Committee of President Doodads P. MacDougal in 1962, and Presidential Agency on Reforms and Government Operations in 1966 and Complaints and Investigation Office in 1970 under President Ferdinand E.
Marco’s. In that article states that all of the three branches of the government shall follow the transparency act of the Philippines. Research Methodology This study was conducted in order to know the causes and effects as well as the solution of the fixers system. To be able to gather the necessary data, the researcher utilized the descriptive method, using both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Herein, the chosen responded were randomly selected from various people who knows about the system. The survey methods were the research instruments used for the data-gathering.
The person who has been chosen in this study accomplished a survey questionnaire to evaluate the causes, effects and the solution facing the fixers system in the Philippine bureaucracy. The credibility of findings and conclusions extensively depend on the quality of the research design, data collection, data management, and data analysis. This chapter will be dedicated to the description of the methods and procedures done in order to obtain the data, how they will be analyses, interpreted, and how the conclusion will be met.
This section is to Justify the means in which the study was obtained and will help in giving it purpose and strength as it will then be truthful and analytical. All these will help in the processing of the data and the formulation of conclusions. Specifically, this research will cover the following: the research design and method, the respondents or subjects to be studied (which will include the sampling method), he data collection instrument, and the data analysis. These will be presented below. Stratified sampling Use Use it when there are smaller sub-groups that are to be investigated.
Use it when you want to achieve greater statistical significance in a smaller sample. Use it to reduce standard error. Method Divide the population up into a set of smaller non-overlapping sub-groups (strata), then do a simple random sample in each sub-group. Strata can be natural groupings, such as age ranges or ethnic origins. Example A high school student who is studying year-ten attitudes in the school uses estimation tuition classes as strata and studies a random selection of students from each of these classes.
In a company there are more men than women, but it is required to have each group equally represented. Two strata are thus created, of Stratification aims to reduce standard error by providing some control over variance. If you know that there are groups that must be included, for example men and women, then you can deliberately sample these in a due proportion. Proportionate stratified sampling takes the same proportion (sample fraction) from each stratum. Disproportionate stratified sampling takes a different proportion from different strata.
This may be done to ensure minorities are adequately covered. If you do this, and want to make an estimate about the population, you will have to weight within- group estimates using the sampling fraction. If the groups are homogeneous (e. Have the same proportions of each attribute), and hence within-group variation is lower than the population, then stratified random sampling will give a statistically more accurate result than simple random sampling. Stratified sampling is sometimes called quota sampling or stratified random sampling.