Childhood and Adolescent Hypertension Intervention

Early intervention is very important for children with hypertension

Formerly hypertension was a disease of adults, but recently it is appearing in children and adolescents. Two types of hypertension are distinguished: primary and secondary. It is essential to detect hypertension and start its treatment in children, to prevent further development of the disease in adulthood and the development of end-organ damage.

It is important to have the correct blood pressure readings to know the stage of hypertension

Admittedly, it is not so easy to detect hypertension in children. It is diagnosed using a special table, where age, gender, blood pressure readings, and blood pressure categories are placed. There are three categories: normal (50th -90th percentile), pre-hypertension (90th -95th percentile), stage I hypertension (95th -99th percentile), and stage II hypertension (more than 99th percentile). This table is very convenient since it is only necessary to find the corresponding age, find a child’s readings in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and follow that raw to see the category percentile. It is very important to have the correct readings: blood pressure is to be measured after the child has been sitting no less than 5 minutes, using the right sized cuff.

Hypertension is often based on diseases

Hypertension is likely to occur in patients who have a relative with hypertension; patients with obesity problems; it may also be caused by renal diseases, heart diseases, rheumatologic diseases, endocrine diseases. In the latter case, additional testing is needed to detect the origin of hypertension. Early intervention is necessary since hypertension in children and adolescents can cause the development of the higher stage of hypertension in adulthood, numerous other diseases, one of which is end-organ damage.

The most effective treatment of hypertension is the modification of lifestyle

The most appropriate treatment of hypertension in children is lifestyle modification. First of all, it is necessary to take control of weight and start the diet if necessary. It is also vital to implement a reasonable amount of physical activity almost every day. This physical activity may last from 30 to 60 minutes per day. But it is important to keep balance in physical exercises. Finally, it can be helpful to keep to the corresponding diet to decrease blood pressure. It is necessary to increase the intake of fruits and vegetables, fiber, and non-fat dairy products. Consuming snacks and energy-dense beverages are essential. And it is also helpful to decrease the consumption of salt.

Hypertension in children is not commonly treated pharmacologically

As far as pharmacologic management is concerned it is necessary to point out that it is only used for patients with severe hypertension; with patients who show no results after lifestyle and dietary modifications, or for patients who, for some reason, cannot implement lifestyle and dietary modifications. This kind of treatment should be started with low doses of drugs, and then, if necessary, increasing portions. It is also should be mentioned that there are no guidelines in the pharmacologic treatment of hypertension in children; it should be based on specific characteristics of the patient. Diuretics and beta-blockers are commonly used for patients with hypertension but, some restrictions should also be made, since hypertension may be based on the diseases or damages of some organs in such cases, it is impossible to use drugs that can influence damaged organs or increase existing diseases.

It is necessary to educate children and parents on how to treat and prevent hypertension

In addition to the treatment mentioned above, it is necessary, first of all, to continue follow-up visits; and it is essential to educate children and parents that early detection and early intervention are very helpful. Moreover, it is necessary to promote a healthy way of life with healthy food and an active lifestyle.

Works Cited

Anglum, A. “Primary Care Management Of Childhood And Adolescent Hypertension.” Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners 21.10 (October 2009): 529-534.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with My Homework Geeks
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live ChatWhatsApp