Cervical cancer is faced by many women in the USA. It leads to dramatic consequences for this population, which urges healthcare professionals to develop different preemptive measures. Even though the situation has already improved to some degree, further positive changes are still needed (Smith, & Brawley, 2014). Thus, it will be advantageous to conduct a study focused on the possibility of increasing the rate of early detection of breast cancer.
The proposed research will answer a clinical question associated with this alteration: How effective is it for providers to initiate a conversation regarding recommended mammography screening for women of minorities aged 40-54?
This clinical question indicates that there is a necessity to conduct an experimental study but not a quasi-experimental one. The second type of research study presupposes the possibility of basing it on observations. Basically, it means that the information that is already available can be used. For instance, if treatment several options for cancer are already used by healthcare professionals within the desired setting, the researcher can just observe the way they work without any interventions. However, in the discussed situation, there is a necessity to implement change. As a rule, nurses who work in one hospital are expected to follow particular regulations and guidelines.
In this way, all of them initiate a conversation regarding recommended mammography screening or do not initiate it. To identify the effectiveness of this preemptive measure, the researcher should evaluate the outcomes of both options. However, it is possible to go backward and interview those patients in whom breast cancer was detected. By interviewing them and looking through medical records, the researcher can reveal the connection between the recommended mammography screening and the stage of cancer when it was detected. This quasi-experimental study is likely to be selected because it provides an opportunity to increase the number of participants.
The proposed research can be supported by Dorothea Orem’s self-care theory, according to which nurses should maintain successful interaction with their clients, emphasizing the value of self-care. They cannot make patients do something, but they are able to recommend them to conduct particular actions, as they are likely to benefit their health condition (“Dorothea Orem’s self-care theory,” 2012). In this way, these healthcare professionals should tell female patients about the possibility of having mammography screening, and women are to care about their health and to follow their advice. Thus, it is presupposed that if patients are capable of self-care, they are to be motivated to conduct those actions that will benefit them significantly.
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Smith, R. A., & Brawley, O. W. (2014). The national breast and cervical cancer early detection program: Toward a system of cancer screening in the United States. Cancer, 120(S16), 2617–2619.