Birth Order

Table of contents

This paper ought to review and study the possible connection between child order and personality, with respect to the theory as proposed by Alfred Adler. The paper would take a look at what the theory is all about and whether there is enough evidence that could support Adler’s claim.

Alfred Adler has been one of the pioneers of psychoanalysis, although he ventured away from some of Sigmund Freud’s theories.  It was due to their difference in ideas and contextual analysis that the separation from the Psychoanalytic school happened.  Adler created his own school of psychology which he called “Individual Psychology”. In this group, the concern focused on the so-called inferiority complex that humans possess (Ansbacher, 1964).

With respect to Adler’s theory, humans are originally weak and helpless. Humans are born without knowledge and must always be guided by those who are “superior” or by someone who is older (Ansbacher, 1964).

Because of this, children strive to learn further and try in every way to exceed or at least achieve the same level as those people whom they perceive to be superior to them. This is what Adler speculated as to the “inferiority complex”, the driving force that fuels a human’s emotions, actions, and reasons (Mosak, 1999).

According to Adler those people who strive to become the best or those who try in every way to succeed are people who have a very high inferiority complex, while those who are easy-going are more likely less affected by the inferiority complex (Mosak, 1999).

However, a very strong inferiority complex might also have a negative effect on a particular person, most specifically when the person has failed in most of his/her endeavors. These experiences might leave the person feeling wrecked, hopeless, and unmotivated to strive towards future goals because of the overwhelming failure that the person has encountered.

Adler supported Freud’s hypothesis concerning the effects of parenting styles on the life of the person. Adler hypothesized that there are two parenting styles, pampering and neglect, which affect the life of an adult person.

Pampering would be the process in which the parent gives too much attention to the child and protects the child so that the child is presented with an ideal world.  This does not help the child develop into a full social individual. Due to this kind of treatment, the child might develop a severe inferiority complex and might be shocked when faced with the realities of life on their own. (Drescher & Stone, 2004)

 The child might not be able to perform well on his/her own because he/she was used to the experience of having his/her parents on his/her side whenever problems arose. Also, the child would be doubtful not only of his/her abilities but also of the decisions that he/she makes.

With regards to the neglectful parenting style, the child is said to be exposed to all the extremes and problems that the world can offer.  Since the child was left alone, he/she might be forced to struggle on his/her own which leads to his/her mistrust of the people around him/her.  Because of this, the child reared under a neglectful parenting style finds it very hard to create or build relationships with other people especially with his/her peers. (MacDonald, 1971)

Therefore, Alfred Adler believed that parents shall make sure that the child was protected from the evils of the world at the same time the parents are obligated to present to the child the harsh realities of life. (Stein, 2007) Simply put, the child must be protected but that does not mean that the parent would deny them the knowledge and opportunity of knowing how to solve problems independently.

Aside from parenting, another aspect that greatly affects a child’s performance in his lifetime according to Adler is his/her birth order. Indeed, this assumption has since garnered criticism and support from psychologists and social scientists.

According to this “theory”, the birth order of the child determines how he views himself as a person with respect to how the child is treated in his family. It is also the factor that is responsible for the behavior and personality of the person in his adult life. (Stein, 2007)

The Firstborn

According to Adler’s theory, the firstborn of the family is treated with the utmost care and spoiled before the other siblings arrived. The situation for this child starts out with excited parents and the child usually has everything he/she needs. When the younger sibling is conceived there is a sudden shift of attention of the parents. The new baby now receives more attention than the firstborn child. Thus the firstborn, in Adler’s theory, tries his/her best to regain this attention. The child desperately seeks the return of his/her parents’ full love and interest. (Stein, 2007)

Most firstborns feel dethroned by their younger siblings because they now have to share everything with the next child; thus, a firstborn learns to share. Also, the firstborn are given more responsibility than the other children, since they are the eldest; this could cause them to develop an authoritarian persona. (Mosak, 1999)

 The parents’ expectations for the firstborn are usually very high; they are pushed into the situation of being responsible and setting an example for their younger siblings. These experiences might lead the firstborn child to develop the qualities of a good leader, although usually firstborn children have lower self-confidence than other children. (Stein, 2007)

The Middleborn

Middle children do not encounter the same expectations and are not as spoiled as the firstborn; however, they still get a portion of the attention that the firstborn child enjoys. What makes being the middle child interesting is that they not only experience a drive to be superior to the first child, but also must compete for attention and status among the younger siblings. These experiences could cause inferiority with reference to their older siblings but superiority with reference to their younger siblings. (Stein, 2007)

Writing Quality

Grammar mistakes

F (43%)


A (92%)

Redundant words

F (59%)




F (53%)

Total mark


Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with MyHomeworkGeeks
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
English 101
great summery in terms of the time given. it lacks a bit of clarity but otherwise perfect.
Customer 452747, June 9th, 2021
Business and administrative studies
excellent work
Customer 452773, March 12th, 2023
Social Work and Human Services
Great work I would love to continue working with this writer thought out the 11 week course.
Customer 452667, May 30th, 2021
excellent job made a 93
Customer 452773, March 22nd, 2023
Thank youuuu
Customer 452729, May 30th, 2021
Thank you!
Customer 452545, February 6th, 2021
Business and administrative studies
Thank you for your hard work and help
Customer 452773, February 21st, 2023
English 101
IThank you
Customer 452631, April 6th, 2021
Business and administrative studies
excellent job
Customer 452773, March 12th, 2023
Looks great and appreciate the help.
Customer 452675, April 26th, 2021
I just need some minor alterations. Thanks.
Customer 452547, February 10th, 2021
Business and administrative studies
always perfect work and always completed early
Customer 452773, February 21st, 2023
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Sometimes it is hard to do all the work on your own

Let us help you get a good grade on your paper. Get professional help and free up your time for more important courses. Let us handle your;

  • Dissertations and Thesis
  • Essays
  • All Assignments

  • Research papers
  • Terms Papers
  • Online Classes